2015 are about the past, recalling the China construction machinery through this year, we will find that industry is still in a low State, and import and export trade of construction machinery products, although in some small waves, but on the whole is stationary. Meanwhile, we also see the "along the way" as the construction of the country's main development strategy 2015 under the main role of this policy, a growing number of construction machinery enterprises "going out", excellent quality of construction machinery products are also exported to overseas, to participate in global infrastructure. In addition, along with the upgrade kit technology in China Metal Casting, need to decline in number of kits imported from abroad, this is a good development momentum, to fundamentally enhance our industrial manufacturing is helpful.
And the general situation in import and export trade of construction machinery products
According to statistics, 2015 1 October China's construction machinery import and export trade volume to $ 18.785 billion, down 6.32% over the previous year; exports US $ 15.94 billion, down 2.82% over the previous year, $ 13.095 billion trade surplus, compared with expansion of $ 342 million.
1, decline in imports drop still more
Under the influence of domestic construction machinery market demand so far this year, imports of construction machinery a large decline, imports maintained double-digit monthly declines.
2, exports by the up-turn drop
Exports remained slightly since last year continued in the first half of this year growth, increases showed a slight downward trend. In negative territory in the third quarter, the cumulative decrease in the export of 2.44% decline is not large, but the trends worth paying attention to.
3, component imports fall less than whole, exports fell more than total
The import side, the first ten months of this year, Hot Forging construction machinery parts and components imported 1.236 billion dollars, down 20.4%, 43.4% per cent of total imports. Import total 1.609 billion US dollars, down 23.2%, 56.6% per cent of total imports;
Exports, export 5.431 billion dollars, accounting for 34.1% of the total exports, down by 4.68%. Total exports total US $ 10.51 billion, down 1.83%, 65.9% per cent of total exports; parts exports decline was significantly lower than the machine, also amount to us $ 267 million, total reductions in imports accounted for 57.7%.
Second, 2015 1 November all kinds of construction machinery export statistics
Three problems, engineering mechanical products import and export trade
With the development of construction machinery industry in China, more and more construction machinery enterprises "going out", but is in the process of going out is not easy, there are enterprises will encounter a variety of problems, especially in overseas areas with different cultural customs, geography, environment, as well as relevant laws and regulations and technical standards.
Overall, exports of construction machinery products in China, we have to pay attention to five issues, as follows:
1, technical barriers
With the acceleration of world economic integration, increasing global trade. Meanwhile, all over the world in order to safeguard their own interests, expand exports and reduce import trade protection measures have been taken. Traditional tools of the trade, such as tariffs, number of licenses, import quotas, exchange controls, and so on. Now taking a more subtle means of trade protection, many developed countries use of its advantages in areas such as economy, science and technology, set up the main content of a variety of technical regulations, standards, technical barriers to trade, technical barriers to trade has become the first major non-tariff barriers in export trade.
2, green issues
Environmental barriers (green barrier) refers to the protection of the environment, directly or indirectly, take measures to restrict or prohibit trade. Includes international and regional environmental conventions, national environmental regulations and standards, IS014000 environmental management systems and environmental labelling and other voluntary measures, production and processing methods and required subsystems of internalization of environmental costs. In 1992, the EU has developed stringent electromagnetic compatibility directive (EMC), involve a multitude of a wide range of mechanical and electrical products, began in 1996 to enforce. Environmental emissions standards, including emissions, noise, vibration, and so on, into Europe, the United States market have to meet appropriate standards, noise and vibration requirements, but there are local laws in different regions.
This aspect of the corresponding provisions of construction machinery enterprises in China need to attach particular importance to, which is the key to whether Chinese equipment landed in the overseas market.
3, intellectual property issues
Patent barriers the developed countries due to its leading technology, has a great number of high-tech and high-tech monopoly through patent filing these, and to develop appropriate technical regulations or standards, due to its relatively backward technology to form barriers to the exports of developing countries. Patented intellectual property, technical barriers to trade on Chinese machinery industry and more obvious. Information technology and the integration of high-tech patents and other intellectual property into a mechanical works area, and with the continued integration of the technical standards of construction machinery, which not only improves trade costs, make business more difficult to cope with technical barriers to trade, even the European Union patent protection of laboratory data.
4, cultural and religious issues
Understand cultural differences and adopt appropriate strategies to make world trade in cultural integration, driven by achieving a truly comprehensive liberalization, is our common goal. In the area of international cooperation, cultural differences play an important role in foreign trade and cooperation, the partnership should ensure that their own interests on the basis of respect for each other's culture and customs, in order to promote cooperation. In international trade, have the necessary courtesies and etiquette is the Foundation of international trade cooperation, awareness of cultural differences, the appropriate policy is a prerequisite for international trade development.
5, packaging and labeling requirements
Packaging and labelling requirements and means of technical barriers in many countries. The EU has been through product packaging and labelling legislation to discourage the import of foreign goods, inflammable, explosive, corrosive, toxic, and its packaging and labeling are required by law to comply with a series of special marking requirements. Many exporters to comply with these requirements of the importing country, had to repackage or change labels, thus increasing the cost of goods, weaken the competitiveness of the commodity.
2015-one China engineer machinery product exports in major overseas events list
On January 5, 2015 reporter from the group that is too heavy, made of heavy research and development and a 35 cubic metres of a large excavator, were totally boxed in on December 31 last year, and January 4, departure to South Africa.
Recently, shantui third equipment of the Cuban Ministry of agriculture project in Tianjin Port successfully shipped assembled, shantui Cuban Ministry of agriculture project were signed more than more than 100 sets of equipment orders, covering almost shantui products, contract amounting to more than 10 million US dollars. This project implemented since December last year this is the third batch of shipment, the shipment includes bulldozers Hot Forging, compactors, loaders, excavators, motor graders, forklifts and other equipment.
Recently, xugong 74 plus long arm of crawler hydraulic excavators wheeled hydraulic excavators and standard arm Assembly sent to Central Asia, once again demonstrates the xugong products of excellent quality and influence abroad.
On February 2, the excavators start the rebuilt machines exported to Africa, held a grand military ceremony.